National Archaeological Museum
Neoclassical museum of Ancient Greek art & archaeology, with sculpture, metalwork, vases & jewelry.
-The National Archaeological Museum is the largest museum in Greece and one of the most important in the world. Originally destined to receive all the 19th century excavations, mainly from Attica and other parts of the country, it gradually took the form of a central National Archaeological Museum and was enriched with finds from all parts of the Greek world. His rich collections, enumerating more than 11,000 exhibits, offer the visitor a panorama of ancient Greek culture from the beginning of prehistory to the late antiquity.
Acropolis of Athens
Ruins of the iconic 5th-century B.C. temple complex on Athens' rocky hilltop undergoing restoration.
-The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings ancient buildings of great architectural and historical significance, the most famous being the Parthenon . The word acropolis is from the Greek words ἄκρον (akron, "highest point, extremity") and πόλις (polis, "city"). The term acropolis is generic and there are many other acropoleis in Greece. During ancient times it was known also more properly as Cecropia, after the legendary serpent-man, Cecrops, the supposed first Athenian king.
While there is evidence that the hill was inhabited as far back as the fourth millennium BC, it was Pericles (c. 495–429 BC) in the fifth century BC who coordinated the construction of the buildings whose present remains are the site's most important ones, including the Parthenon, the Propylaea, the Erechtheion and the Temple of Athena Nike. The Parthenon and the other buildings were seriously damaged during the 1687 siege by the Venetians during the Morean War when gunpowder being stored in the Parthenon by the Ottomans was hit by a cannonball and exploded.
Ancient Agora of Athens
Famous landmark featuring the ruins of an ancient Greek gathering place & a museum with artifacts.
-The ancient Agora of Athens (also called the Classical Agora) is the best-known example of an ancient Greek agora, located to the northwest of the Acropolis and bounded on the south by the hill of the Areopagus and on the west by the hill known as the Agoraios Kolonos, also called Market Hill. The Agora's initial use was for a commercial, assembly, or residential gathering place.
Kerameikos Archaeological Park
Extensive ruins of ancient Athens' largest cemetery & a museum with finds from the tombs.
-Kerameikos also known by its Latinized form Ceramicus, is an area of Athens, Greece, located to the northwest of the Acropolis, which includes an extensive area both within and outside the ancient city walls, on both sides of the Dipylon Gate and by the banks of the Eridanos River.
Roman Forum of Athens
The remains of this agora built by the Romans from 19-11 B.C. include columns & an octagonal tower.
-Situated in the historic Athenian neighbourhoods of Plaka and Monastiraki, the Roman Forum was built under the emperor Augustus between 19 and 11 BC, as the city’s trade centre. Later, under Hadrian, the Forum was restructured and expanded, with its main yard being paved.
Major landmarks in the area include the Horologion, built by Andronicus of Cyrrhus (also known as Tower of the Winds), and the Forum’s well-preserved western gate.
After the city’s destruction in the Herulian invasion of the late third century AC, trading was conducted within the confines of the Forum, its walls affording protection. This location evolved into the administrative centre of Athens.
The Forum was subject to constant change, again in the Byzantine era, followed by the Frankish and Ottoman occupations. Christian churches, new buildings and workshops arose, followed later by the Fethiye Mosque. Its role as a trading centre lived on throughout these changes.
Temple of Olympian Zeus
Vast temple began in the 6th century B.C. on the site of an ancient outdoor sanctuary dedicated to Zeus.
-The Temple of Olympian Zeus (Greek : Ναός του Ολυμπίου Διός, Naós tou Olympíou Diós), also known as the Olympieion or Columns of the Olympian Zeus, is a former colossal temple at the center of the Greek capital Athens. It was dedicated to "Olympian" Zeus, a name originating from his position as head of the Olympian gods. Construction began in the 6th century BC during the rule of the Athenian tyrants, who envisaged building the greatest temple in the ancient world, but it was not completed until the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD, some 638 years after the project had begun. During the Roman period the temple, which included 104 colossal columns, was renowned as the largest temple in Greece and housed one of the largest cult statues in the ancient world.
The temple's glory was short-lived, as it fell into disuse after being pillaged during a barbarian invasion in 267 AD, just about a century after its completion. It was probably never repaired and was reduced to ruins thereafter. In the centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire, it was extensively quarried for building materials to supply building projects elsewhere in the city. Despite that, a substantial part of the temple remains today, notably sixteen of the original gigantic columns, and it continues to be part of a very important archaeological site of Greece.